The kitchen is not only a place where food is prepared, but also the heart of the house, where the household gathers for a family meal, arrange warm gatherings with family and friends. Make the room spacious and arrange so that everything you need is always at hand-a difficult task, but it is quite feasible. Our recommendations will help you easily arrange the kitchen space so that it was ergonomic, stylish and comfortable.
First, you must carefully consider the issue of ergonomics of the working area. The fact is that all the main work in the kitchen is associated with constantly recurring actions: the organization of food storage and washing, cooking, cleaning dishes. In this room, it is very important to observe the rule of the working triangle, the main elements of which are the stove, sink and refrigerator. The kitchen space should be organized in such a way as not to disrupt the chain of basic movements — all 3 items should be located within walking distance of each other at an equidistant distance.
In this case, any obstacles that can stop the movement within the triangle must be eliminated.
When planning the placement of household appliances, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the location of the riser, as well as take into account the rules of the neighborhood. It is necessary to leave a safe distance in front of any household appliances, as a rule, it is indicated in the operating instructions. Any violation of these standards is fraught not only with the failure of the devices, but also with accidents. So, without correctly calculated insulation, the refrigerator will not be able to work for a long time, being next to the oven and the cooking surface — the distance between them should be at least 15-20 cm.
Household appliances near the stove will be a “time bomb”, because the stove should be placed in a separate place, no closer than 70-80 cm from any other equipment and flammable items. It is desirable to place the refrigerator at a distance from radiators and other heat sources, while between the refrigerator and the walls should remain a distance of 5-10 cm. If you intend to hang a plasma panel in the kitchen – it should be fixed away from the “wet” and” hot ” zones.
Where to start?
So, if you have allocated space for the stove, refrigerator and sink-you can start placing all other kitchen items. There are several rules for this.
Furniture must be installed in such a way that any doors (cabinets, refrigerator, oven) can be easily opened.
The surface of the worktop must be made of heat-resistant material so that the coating can withstand the thermal effects of hot pots and pans.
The hood must be mounted at least 70 cm away from the cooking surface. Otherwise, the risk of injury increases dramatically.
The cooking area should be as close to the stove as possible.
All kitchen utensils (pots and pans) should be stored in one place.
Spoons, forks, knives and other Cutlery stored in small boxes, separated compartments or stands.
1-2 outlets should be installed near the work area.
Proper use of space will contribute to the rational placement of such seemingly small things:
– small household appliances (mixer, food processor, bread maker, sandwich maker and other appliances);
– dish drying rack;
– all sorts of potholders;
– storage tanks for cereals and spices;
– household chemicals;
– lighting products.
The location of each of these items should be thought out from the very beginning — then in the future you will be spared the need to alter the work started.
Placement of utensils and products
Creating an ergonomic kitchen is inseparable from saving space in lockers and other storage systems. A good help for every housewife will be the use of hinged shelves where you can place spices and dishes. The rational arrangement of space in the cabinets will be facilitated by the installation of a crossbar inside the module with a variety of loops and hooks. The organization of storage of kitchen utensils with the use of high and roomy drawers will save the kitchen space from clutter. Usually items that are used constantly are placed in close-spaced compartments and easily accessible areas, and those that are used infrequently by households are usually stored on the upper or lowest shelves in the module.
Products are usually stored in accordance with the same principle that is used for dishes — stocks that are used constantly (bread, cereals, spices, tea, sugar) are stored near the work area. Usually for bulk products use banks and sealed tin containers, for bakery products optimal wooden or plastic bread boxes, for vegetables it is better to buy wicker baskets, and vegetable oil is placed in a specially dedicated tray.
Buying kitchen modules allows you to completely rebuild the storage system of kitchen items for a variety of needs. For example, in the kitchen ergonomics highly effective stainless steel shelves that can be easily moved from one place to another, as well as pull-out baskets-they are optimal for storing household chemicals.
When purchasing tableware, it is desirable to give preference to the most convenient items for storage.
It is very simple to store packages — for thin cellophane, you can use plastic containers, and larger packages can be put in ordinary boxes. A great option for the kitchen will be a small pantry — in this case, we are not talking about a separate room in the house, but about a built-in locker — on its pull-out shelves you can always place a lot of the most useful things. Due to the fact that the storage case is embedded in the wall, a significant saving of free space is achieved.
Do not underestimate the relevance of corner sets, the arrangement of the kitchen with the correct use of the corners of the room allows you to place a large number of items as ergonomically as possible and free up the Central part for easy movement to the working and dining areas. An unoccupied place under the sink can be equipped with a box where cleaning chemicals, all kinds of rags, sponges, gloves and brushes will be stored. Once you install such a module, you will save yourself from the problem of finding the right accessories for cleaning for many years.
The trash can is desirable to make a roll-out, in this case you can easily hide not the most beautiful item in the interior of your kitchen, while the side surface of the basket can be folded air fresheners and stocks of garbage bags. If the width of the window sill allows, then you can make an overlay of stone, wood or plastic, in this window sill is easily transformed into a convenient countertop that can be used for cooking, and for placing a coffee maker, kettle, toaster and other frequently used appliances.
A good idea for the organization of the room will be the purchase of tables with rollers. Such a device is relevant because in addition to an additional work surface, you get another compartment for storing kitchen attributes. In addition, the bedside table on wheels can be used as a serving table that moves freely throughout the apartment. It is no secret that the kitchen is often used as a “study” — for example, children can do their homework here. In this case, it will be useful to Supplement the interior with a recess in the wall, where a folding table and shelves for stationery, books and other necessary accessories will be located.
A very practical idea would be to allocate space for writing-it can be a notebook on a magnet, where you will write down a list of necessary products. Useful in the kitchen cookbooks or notebooks with recipes-then you do not have to run around the apartment and do their searches. A magnetic or slate Board for exchanging information with the household will also be useful and at the same time a stylish accessory that can always be used as a decorative element and part of the children’s corner.
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